Синдромът на хроничната умора не е въображаемо заболяване

umoraПредставлява внезапно настъпила силна умора до безсилие, продължаваща поне 6 месеца. Често се появява след прекарано възпалително заболяване или психическо пренапрежение.
Кои са застрашени?
На първо място хората, подложени на пренапрежение. Работещите с високо ниво на отговорност, боравещи с широк кръг информация и интензивен работен ден.
В рисковата група са и хората с еднообразен, “сив” работен ден и монотонно ежедневие.
В първият случай, причината е преумора, високи нива на стрес хормоните – адреналин и кортизол, и изчерпване на възможностите на организма да отговори на повишените изисквания на средата. Последвалото “изчерпване” на надбъбречната жлеза и ниските нива на адреналин дават усещането за мускулна слабост и умора. Във вторият случай отключващия момент е липсата на емоционални преживявания и стимули, активиращи хормоните на удоволствието и радостта от живота – допамин и серотонин. Тези промени водят до каскада от процеси в организма, като се засягат различни органи и системи:
- Променя се функцията на щитовидната жлеза. Тъй като тя е отговорна за адаптацията на организма при стрес. След преходна активация се стига до понижение на секрецията и.
- Засяга се въглехидратната обмяна с проява на ниски нива на кръвна захар. Хипогликемията засилва усещането за безсилие в мускулите.
- Настъпва слабост в имунната с-ма. Намалява клетъчния имунитет и изграждането на антитела.
Заради разпространеното засягане на организма, симптомите са разнообразни и наподобяват други заболявания.
Най- чести са болевите усещания – главоболие, болка в гърлото, ставите, мускулите. Затова синдрома на хроничната умора се свързва с Фибромиалгията.
Чести са оплакванията от гадене, подуване на стомаха и червата.
Увеличават се лимфните възли. Затова се предполага инфекция с различни вируси при понижения имунитет.
Психичните симптоми са много изразени, но неспецифични – нервност, депресивност, лоша концентрация, световъртеж.

За съжаление няма специфично лабораторно или инструментално изследване. Диагнозата се поставя на базата на проявата и съчетанието на различните симптоми и тяхната продължителност- над 6 месеца.
За радост то не е фатално. Възстановяването може да е спонтанно.

Каква е профилактиката и лечението?
Първо се опитваме да контролираме стреса. Битката с него включва :хоби, спорт, туризъм, танци, йога. Въобще всякакъв вид движение и удоволствени изживявания.
Второ се въвежда оптимален и разнообразен хранителен режим, по възможност без концентрирани захари.
Стимулиращите напитки и алкохола могат да имат провокиращо действие.
Използването на витамини и хранителни добавки не дава резултат.
Благоприятно действие има вземането на някой аминокиселини.
В леките степени на страданието помагат билките с успокояващ и подобряващ настроението ефект. С успех се прилагат ароматотерапия и водни процедури.
Ако тези усилия не дадат резултат трябва да се потърси лекар.

Все пак нека си припомним, че по-лесно и евтино е да се предотврати едно заболяване отколкото да се лекува.

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